Indian friend Dr.Siraj-004

150th Anniversary Of Indian Postal Dpt


Editor's word: As our proposal, Indian philatelic friend Dr.Siraj will write some article to introduce about Indian philately for the web site. This is first piece. You could click here for browse the Chinese page if you are interested it. The E-mail of Dr.Siraj is:

150th Anniversary Of Indian Postal Dpt

It was 1st October 1854, when first postage stamp was released for people of undevided India with postal network of 701 post offices.

The postal service established from this day was a convenient & affordable way for every citizens to convey door to door messeges. Till that day this service was reserved for State officials Only. Stamp released on this day was useful across whole India & charged according to weight of Parcel and not according to Distance. This Postal facility bought revolution in life of people & became one of the major factor in Social development.

According to history, in India Postal system was existing in era of King Maurya but,well organised postal system established by British Govt. by Lord Clive in 1776 & boost up by Warren Hastings, who established GPO at calcutta in 1774,Madras in 1786 & Bombay in 1793. Major interest for estd. of British postal
system was confidential, smooth & fast governance in favour of british Govt. so Post office Act was passed
in 1837 which bring all three precidencies into one all-India Service.

In Year 1854, Post office Act was reformed to provide monopoly to british Govt. for conveyance of
letters.Railway & sea mail service also started in this year as per provision of this act. First sea-mail
service was introduced from India to China & Britain. Mail order service started in 1877 & money
order service for delivering money at doorstep was estd. in 1880.Post office savings bank started in 1882
which made banking facility accessible to all. As a result, by 1908, 635 princely states was provided with british postal service out of 650.Remaining 15 princely states like Hyderabad, Gwalior, Jaipur, Travancore have their own Postal System & they didn't cast their post with Indian Post office.Postal system of these 15 states were merged with Indian Postal Dpt. only after Indipendance.

Now a days, after 150 Years of Indian postal Dpt., It became largest postal network with over 1,55,000,
retail outlets in every region of country.It also run parrellel with modernisation & focus is now on
computerising the network to improve governance & to enhance E-based services like E-post.

In the era of Compitition & Globelisation,Indian Postal Dpt. didn't forgot its responcibility towards Common man & there by to nation by providing its services at compatitively low rate.

Since last decade, Dpt. also doing well in field of philatelly by active efforts to increse interest of people in this field, presenting colourful face of India on Commemorative stamps.

These set of four commemorative stamps shows differant mile stones of India posts.

A note of editor: This set of stamp provided by Mr.Siraj is very outstanding in design and printing. Especially that postman, you look that he was handing pike, oil lamp, shouldering mailbag, benting body for forward, his spirit with conscientious and do his best will forever encourage people to go forward.
Dr.Siraj hopes to get acquainted with more Chinese and worldwide philatelic friends and exchange new or cancelled stamps. If you are interested in it, please send a E-mail to (English)
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